Loretta Lynch A Biography of the First African-American Woman to Serve as Attorney General

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Loretta Lynch Biography

Loretta Lynch (born May 21, 1959) is an American lawyer who served as the 83rd Attorney General of the United States from 2015 to 2017. She was the first African-American woman to serve as Attorney General.

Early Life

Loretta Lynch was born in Greensboro, North Carolina, the daughter of Lorenzo and Vivian Lynch. Her father was a Baptist minister and her mother was a teacher. Lynch attended Duke University, where she earned a bachelor’s degree in political science in 1981. She then attended Harvard Law School, where she earned a juris doctor degree in 1984.

Education

After graduating from law school, Lynch clerked for Judge Robert L. Wilkins of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. She then worked as an associate at the law firm Hogan & Hartson from 1985 to 1990.

Career

In 1990, Lynch joined the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). She served as an assistant United States attorney for the Eastern District of New York from 1990 to 1993. She then served as deputy chief of the Criminal Division at the DOJ from 1993 to 1994.

In 1994, Lynch was appointed United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York. She served in this position until 2001. During her tenure as United States Attorney, Lynch prosecuted a number of high-profile cases, including the prosecution of the perpetrators of the September 11 attacks.

First Assistant Attorney General

In 2001, Lynch was appointed First Assistant Attorney General by Attorney General John Ashcroft. She served in this position until 2005. During her tenure as First Assistant Attorney General, Lynch oversaw the DOJ’s prosecution of the war on terror.

Attorney General of the United States

In 2015, Lynch was nominated by President Barack Obama to serve as Attorney General of the United States. She was confirmed by the Senate by a vote of 56-43. Lynch became the first African-American woman to serve as Attorney General.

Nomination and Confirmation

Lynch’s nomination to serve as Attorney General was met with some controversy. Critics accused Lynch of being too lenient in her prosecution of former Attorney General Eric Holder. They also criticized her for her handling of the investigation into the shooting of unarmed black teenager Michael Brown by a white police officer in Ferguson, Missouri.

Tenure as Attorney General

Lynch served as Attorney General from 2015 to 2017. During her tenure, she oversaw the DOJ’s prosecution of a number of high-profile cases, including the prosecution of former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort and former Trump adviser Roger Stone.

Legacy

Lynch’s legacy as Attorney General is mixed. She is praised for her prosecution of high-profile cases and her work to improve the DOJ’s relationship with the African-American community. However, she is also criticized for her handling of the investigation into the shooting of Michael Brown and for her decision not to prosecute Hillary Clinton over her use of a private email server while Secretary of State.

FAQ

Q: What is Loretta Lynch’s birth name?
A: Loretta Elizabeth Lynch.

Q: Where did Loretta Lynch go to law school?
A: Harvard Law School.

Q: What was Loretta Lynch’s first job in the DOJ?
A: Assistant United States attorney for the Eastern District of New York.

Q: What was Loretta Lynch’s most famous case?
A: The prosecution of the perpetrators of the September 11 attacks.

Q: What is Loretta Lynch’s legacy?
A: Mixed. She is praised for her prosecution of high-profile cases and her work to improve the DOJ’s relationship with the African-American community. However, she is also criticized for her handling of the investigation into the shooting of Michael Brown and for her decision not to prosecute Hillary

Loretta Lynch United States Attorney General
Biography Served from 2015 to 2017
Early Life DOJ
Education Civil Rights
Career Attorney

II. Early Life

Loretta Lynch was born on May 21, 1959, in Greensboro, North Carolina. She is the daughter of Lorenzo Lynch, a Baptist minister, and Vivian Lynch, a teacher. Lynch has two older sisters and one younger brother.

Lynch attended Bennett College, a historically black college for women, in Greensboro, North Carolina. She graduated with a degree in political science in 1981.

After graduating from college, Lynch worked as a law clerk for Judge Robert L. Wilkins of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. She then attended Harvard Law School, where she graduated with a J.D. degree in 1984.

III. Education

Loretta Lynch attended Ursuline Academy in New Rochelle, New York. She then earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from Harvard College in 1981. She received her Juris Doctor from Harvard Law School in 1984.

IV. Career

Loretta Lynch began her career as an Assistant United States Attorney in the Eastern District of New York in 1990. She served in this position for six years, and during that time she prosecuted a variety of federal crimes, including drug trafficking, organized crime, and civil rights violations. In 1996, Lynch was appointed as the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York. She served in this position for seven years, and during that time she oversaw the prosecution of a number of high-profile cases, including the prosecution of the Gambino crime family and the prosecution of Bernard Madoff. In 2009, President Barack Obama nominated Lynch to be the Attorney General of the United States. She was confirmed by the Senate in 2010, and she served as Attorney General until 2017. During her tenure as Attorney General, Lynch oversaw a number of significant initiatives, including the creation of the Civil Rights Division’s new Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) and the implementation of the Department of Justice’s new National Prosecution Standards.

V. First Assistant Attorney General

In 2010, President Barack Obama nominated Lynch to be the first African-American woman to serve as the United States Attorney General. She was confirmed by the Senate by a vote of 56-43 on April 20, 2015, and she took office on April 25, 2015.

As Attorney General, Lynch oversaw the Department of Justice (DOJ) and its 115,000 employees. She was responsible for enforcing the laws of the United States, protecting the civil rights of all Americans, and defending the interests of the United States in court.

Lynch’s tenure as Attorney General was marked by a number of significant accomplishments. She oversaw the prosecution of the Boston Marathon bombing suspects, the investigation into the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, and the implementation of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act.

Lynch also played a key role in the negotiations that led to the Iran nuclear deal. She was the first sitting Attorney General to visit Cuba since 1959.

In 2017, Lynch announced that she would not seek a second term as Attorney General. She left office on January 20, 2017, when Donald Trump took office as President of the United States.

VI. Attorney General of the United States

On November 8, 2014, President Barack Obama nominated Lynch to be the next Attorney General of the United States. She was confirmed by the Senate on February 25, 2015, by a vote of 56-43. Lynch was sworn in as Attorney General on April 25, 2015.

As Attorney General, Lynch oversaw the Department of Justice (DOJ) and its 115,000 employees. She was responsible for enforcing the laws of the United States, representing the government in court, and providing legal advice to the President and other executive branch officials.

Lynch’s tenure as Attorney General was marked by a number of high-profile cases, including the prosecution of former FBI Director James Comey and the investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election. Lynch also oversaw the implementation of a number of new policies, including a new initiative to reduce the number of people in prison for drug offenses.

Lynch resigned from her position as Attorney General on May 3, 2017, after meeting with former President Bill Clinton on the tarmac of an airport in Phoenix, Arizona. The meeting was criticized by Republicans, who accused Lynch of interfering in the investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election.

VII. Nomination and Confirmation

On November 8, 2014, President Barack Obama nominated Lynch to be the next Attorney General of the United States. She was nominated to replace Eric Holder, who had announced his resignation in September of that year.

Lynch’s nomination was met with mixed reactions. Some praised her experience and qualifications, while others expressed concern about her ties to Wall Street.

On January 20, 2015, the Senate Judiciary Committee voted 14-1 to approve Lynch’s nomination. The full Senate voted 56-43 to confirm her on February 25, 2015.

Lynch was sworn in as Attorney General on March 1, 2015.

VIII. Tenure as Attorney General

Loretta Lynch was sworn in as the 82nd Attorney General of the United States on February 25, 2015. She served in this role until January 20, 2017. During her tenure, Lynch oversaw a number of high-profile legal cases, including the prosecution of former FBI Director James Comey and the investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election.

Lynch was also criticized for her handling of the investigation into former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s use of a private email server. In 2016, Lynch met with former President Bill Clinton on an airport tarmac in Phoenix, Arizona. The meeting raised questions about whether Lynch could be impartial in the Clinton investigation.

Despite the controversy, Lynch was generally seen as a competent and effective Attorney General. She is credited with strengthening the Justice Department’s civil rights division and improving its relationship with law enforcement agencies.

IX. Legacy

Loretta Lynch’s legacy as Attorney General is mixed. She was praised for her work on civil rights and for her efforts to reform the criminal justice system. However, she was also criticized for her handling of the Hillary Clinton email investigation and for her decision not to prosecute Wall Street executives.

Overall, Lynch’s legacy is one of a moderate who tried to balance the interests of law enforcement and civil rights. She was a capable Attorney General who made some important contributions to the justice system, but she also faced some significant challenges.

X. FAQ

Q: What is Loretta Lynch’s background?

A: Loretta Lynch was born in New York City in 1959. She attended Harvard University and Yale Law School.

Q: What is Loretta Lynch’s career?

A: Loretta Lynch has had a long and distinguished career in the law. She has served as a federal prosecutor, as the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York, and as the Attorney General of the United States.

Q: What is Loretta Lynch’s legacy?

A: Loretta Lynch is considered a trailblazing figure in American law. She is the first African-American woman to serve as Attorney General of the United States.

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